Monumental Brass Society

Eel Buttry

Date of Brass:
c.1405 and 1546
Place:
Norwich, St Stephen
County:
Norfolk
Country:
Number:
I
Style:
London and Norwich N. 6

Description

August 2020

 

Elizabeth Buttry became the prioress of Campsey Ash in 1526. The priory was one of Austin nuns, founded around 1195 by Theobald de Valoignes, who gave his two sisters, Joan and Agnes, his land in the parish on which to build it. They were successively the first two prioresses. Over the next few hundred year the priory benefited from further gifts of land. In the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535 that preceded the reformation of the monasteries, Campsey was valued at a little over £182, short of the £200 that would have saved it from suppression in 1536 but only because a chantry within the priory church which was valued at over £35 was not counted. There was no sign of any behaviour that would have merited reformation in the priory's recent history. Buttry had joined the priory by 1492 when a visitation was carried out on behalf of the Bishop of Norwich by his brother, Archdeacon Goldwell. Bishop Nykke performed the visitation in 1514 when there was a complement of twenty nuns including the prioress. As in 1492, the visitation found nothing demanding any reformation. This pattern was repeated in 1520 and 1526, the latter taking place shortly after Buttry's elevation to prioress. However her rule as prioress was found to be over-strict and austere when the 1532 visitation took place. Most of the nuns made complaints on this occasions. Unwholesome food was another cause of dissatisfaction. The precentrix complained that a month previously they had been made to eat a bullock that would have died of disease had it not been slaughtered and the general view was the prioress was parsimonious and stingy. The cook's unpunctuality also came in for criticism. The bishop recommended that the diet should be more generous and wholesome but he had found no problems with the nuns' morality.

The nuns displaced by the priory's suppression in 1536 would have received a pension with Buttry receiving more as prioress. She evidently made her way to Norwich, where she was a parishioner of

St Stephen's church until her death on 24 October 1546. Blomefield recorded that she willed to be buried on the north side of the chapel of Our Lady and that she gave four cushions of Verdours, a cross cloth, a diapered altar cloth and a frontlet for the Sepulchre to the church. By the time that her brass would have been made, the colleges and chantries had been suppressed, leading to more old brasses becoming available for re-use. In the case of Buttry's brass, the figure of a lady made in the London some hundred and forty years earlier was pressed into service to represent her. It shows a lady dressed in a houppeland with a high collar with the top three buttons undone. A brass at Dartford, Kent, for Robert Martyn, died 1402, shows his wife in very similar dress.

An inscription in English was provided for Buttry's brass, engraved in the N. 6 Norwich workshop run by William Thakker.. It reads:

Pray for the soule of Eel Buttry sumtyme

pryores of Campesse on whose soule Jesu

have mercy the xxiiii day of October m vc xlvj

The words pray and soule in the first line have been obliterated by iconoclasts, presumably in the 1640s although they don't seem to have read the whole inscription otherwise further words would have been treated in the same way. Between the figure and the inscription is a plate bearing the seating figures of bedesmen with rosaries, one with a staff and the other with a stilt. Although the engraving is carried onto the figure plate, the plate is likely to be an insertion of the same date as the inscription, as such figures are found on contemporary alabaster tombs, although this practice came to a stop around the same time. Shading may have been added to drapery lines on the figure plate in addition to the tops of the heads of the bedesmen. The plants in the background of this plate provide no clues as to its date although they don't show those that might have been expected on an early fifteenth century London brass.

The brass was uncovered in 1859, disappeared under pews again before long but is now unencumbered since a reordering of the church a few years ago.

 

References

'Houses of Austin nuns: Priory of Campsey', in A History of the County of Suffolk: Volume 2, ed. William Page (London, 1975), pp. 112-115. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/suff/vol2/pp112-115 [accessed 1 August 2020].

 

Francis Blomefield, An Essay Towards a Topographical History of the County of Norfolk, 2nd ed, volume 4 (1806), 155.

 

Copyright: Jon Bayliss

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